There are 3 types of cubic unit cells: primitive, body-centred and face-centred.

A three-dimensional Bravais lattice with 4-fold rotational symmetry is created by stacking figure IV lattices one above another (IVa), resulting in the *primitive*** cubic **unit cell (IVb) with I

**I = I**

*a***I = I**

*b***I and α = β = γ = 90**

*c*^{o}.

If we stagger the second layer so that the lattice points are in the middle of squares formed by the first layer (IVc), followed by a third layer that is directly above the first layer, we have the non-primitive ** body-centred cubic** unit cell (IVd) with I

**I = I**

*a***I = I**

*b***I and α = β = γ = 90**

*c*^{o}.

The primitive cubic unit cell can also be formed via the triple hexagonal lattices of Vc when the perpendicular distance between two layer of lattices is (I* a*I√6)/6 (see next article for proof). Similarly, the

*face-centred***unit cell (IVe) with I**

*cubic***I = I**

*a***I = I**

*b***I and α = β = γ = 90**

*c*^{o}, is created via the triple hexagonal lattices of Vc when the perpendicular distance between two layer of lattices is (I

*I√6)/3 (see next article for proof).*

**a**Even though it is possible to demarcate three-dimensional primitive rhombohedral unit cells for the body-centred cubic and face-centred cubic lattices, the primitive cells are not used to represent the two lattices as they do not reveal the higher rotational symmetry of the cubic lattices and are hard to visualise with their inter-axial angles not at 90^{0}.